What is Law?


A set of rules created by the state which form a framework to ensure a peaceful society. If the laws are broken there are mechanisms to enforce them and sanctions imposed on those who do not obey.

People who create and implement law are called lawyers, jurists or judges. There are many different ideas about the nature and definition of law. Some scholars believe that a law is a set of principles or policies established in a community by some kind of authority and applied to the people by judicial decision. Others argue that a law is a written or oral agreement that is binding on the parties involved. Still others view a law as something that exists in the mind of the public and is not necessarily a set of rules or an oral agreement, but instead, an idea of what should be done in certain circumstances.

There are different fields of law that cover all kinds of activities. Tort law helps people claim compensation when they or their property is harmed. Intellectual property law protects the rights people have to their own creations, such as art, music and literature, by a type of law called copyright. Trust law covers the rules that are used to manage money, such as the way an investment fund is run or how much can be withdrawn from it. Family law focuses on marriage and divorce proceedings, as well as the rights of children and their property. Criminal law deals with offenses against a nation-state or its citizens.

The most common view of law is that it is a system of rules created and implemented by the government to control the actions of its citizens. It is enforced by the police or the courts, and those who break the rules may be punished. The law is written by groups of politicians in a legislature, such as a parliament or congress, who are elected (chosen) by the people. The constitution is a central part of the law, and it sets out important rights and powers for the legislature.

The main issue in interpreting a law is what the meaning of any particular word or phrase should be. It is argued that the meaning of a law should be understood as it is read in context, and that the legal maxim, “ex tota materia emergit resolutio,” means that every part of a statute must be taken into account when interpreting it. This requires a very broad interpretation of what the words actually mean, and can lead to some controversy over whether to interpret them literally or not. The concept of law is a constantly changing and developing area of study, and many books have been written about it. The different views of what it is are debated by scholars and lawyers all over the world. It is a very important subject, and one that continues to affect the lives of people everywhere. In modern times, the law has become more important than ever before as it governs an increasingly complex world.